Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Start of Roman Era

Roman World-

1. Censors-officials who appointed candidates to the senate and oversaw the moral conduct of all citizens.
2. Legionaries- citizens who made up the major unit of the Roman Army.
3. Forum- central of all government business.
4. Dictator- name of a citizen who is elected absolute ruler.

Roman Expansion-
1. Punic Wars- conflicts between carthage and Rome.
2. Carthage- a powerful city on the north African coast.
3. Roman and Carthage fought 3 Punic wars.
4. Spartacas- a Roman slave that led a revolt- 73 B.C.

The Roman World
1. Pax Romana- "I am a period of peace that lasted for more than 200 yrs.
2. Julis Caesar- " I led my troops across the Rubicon and declared war on the Republic.
3. Lucius Cornelius Sulla- I started and won a civil war with Rome and then ruled as a dictator.
4. Gaius Marius-" I am a Roman general who rewarded my followers with money, land, and war loot."
5. Augustus- " I called myself first citizen and was the first emperor of Rome.

The Roman World
1.  Pax Romana- longest time period of peace the world has ever known
2. Code of Twelve tables- Roman laws, changed to help unify the empire
3. good transportation helped unify the roman empire.
4. Virgil- one of the greates roman poets.
5. Tacitus- great roman historian.

The Roman World
1. The rise of christianity was a gradual spread across the roman empire.
2. The roman governer pontius pilate tried jesus for being and enemy of the state.
3. The council of Nicaea proclaimed the existance of the trinity.
4.The roman emperor proclaimed his support for christianity.
5.The roman empire helped spread christianity into a major religion.

The Roman World
1. Inflation became so severe people stopped using money.
2. In 324 A.D. constantine became sole emperor again.
3. German invaders were a constant threat to constantine.
4. The Huns posed an evergoing threat to the late roman empire.
5. Taxes and the fall in Agriculure explain why the western culture fell.